“The final report expresses the international community’s unwavering commitment to combat the devastating impacts of illicit small arms and light weapons,” the spokesperson said in a statement today. “It also sets out a roadmap for the period 2012-2018, with concrete, actionable steps to implement the Programme of Action.”The Programme of Action, which countries adopted by consensus in 2001, contains concrete recommendations for improving national legislation and controls over illicit small arms, fostering regional cooperation and promoting international assistance and cooperation on the issue.Countries agreed to, among other measures, ensuring that licensed manufacturers apply an appropriate and reliable marking on each small arm and light weapon as an integral part of the production process, and to keeping comprehensive and accurate records for as long as possible on the manufacture, holding and transfer of small arms and light weapons under their jurisdiction.“The Secretary-General believes that the success achieved at this Review Conference will further bolster the international community’s efforts to tackle the challenges associated with the wide availability of illicit small arms,” the UN chief’s spokesperson added. “In particular, this success should give further impetus to the efforts to conclude the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) process in the nearest future.” In July, UN Member States failed to reach agreement on a treaty that would regulate the conventional arms trade. The four-week long Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty had brought Member States together to negotiate what is seen as the most important initiative ever regarding conventional arms regulation within the United Nations. Despite the lack of agreement, Mr. Ban said, at the time, that he was encouraged that the ATT process was not over, with States having agreed to continue pursuing “this noble goal.”At the end of 2010, an estimated 27.5 million people were internally displaced as a result of conflict, while millions more have sought refuge abroad. In many cases, the armed violence that drove them from their homes was fuelled by the widespread availability and misuse of weapons.
Peru will strengthen its position as one of the top five gold and silver producing countries in the world if it makes the most of the reserves of these two metals identified in its territory, said the National Society of Mining, Oil and Energy (SNMPE).The non-profit organisation formed by major mining and energy companies operating in Peru reported that the country is currently the leading gold producer in Latin America and the sixth worldwide with an annual production of 153 t; and that, according to studies carried out by the Geological, Mining and Metallurgical Institute of Peru (INGEMMET)*, its reserves of this precious metal are estimated at 244 million fine ounces (6,915 t).According to the National Society of Mining, Oil and Energy the main gold producing nations are China, Australia, Russia, the United States, Canada and Peru.As for silver, Peru is the second largest producer in Latin America and in the world, with an annual production of over 4,375 t. Silver reserves are estimated, according to the INGEMMET, at 8,604 million ounces (243,000 t), the SNMPE explained.After mentioning that the main silver producers worldwide are Mexico, Peru and China, SNMPE said that “the improved metal prices outlook is an incentive to turn the great gold and silver potential into tangible reality, but Peruvians need to work together in order to achieve the conditions that will allow the competitive development of mining in Peru”.The future of Peruvian and global gold and silver mining will be addressed at the 13th International Gold and Silver Symposium that will be held this year, from May 29 to 31, in the city of Lima.